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PAP340 Physics of semiconductor devices, 5 cr 
Code PAP340  Validity 01.08.2005 -
Name Physics of semiconductor devices  Abbreviation Physics of semi 
Scope5 cr   
TypeAdvanced studies
  GradingGeneral scale 
    Can be taken more than onceno
Unit Master's Programme in Particle Physics and Astrophysical Sciences 

Target group 

Master’s Programme in Particle Physics and Astrophysical Sciences is responsible for the course.

Modules where the course belong to:

  • PAP300 Advanced Studies in Particle Physics and Astrophysical Sciences
    Optional for:
    1. Study Track in Particle Physics and Cosmology
  • MATR300 Advanced Studies in Materials Research
    Optional for:
    1. Study Track in Experimental Materials Physics
    2. Study Track in Computational Materials Physics
    3. Study Track in Inorganic Materials Chemistry

The course is available to students from other degree programmes.


Second year of master's studies,

Any stage of doctoral studies.

Given every second year (odd years) in the spring term.

Two period course (III-IV periods).

Learning outcomes 

After the course, the student will…

  1. Understand the significance of semiconductor devices in modern society;
  2. Understand the physical grounds of the operation of semiconductor devices: Understand the meaning of atomic bonds, crystal structure, crystal defects, energy bands, electrical defect states, charge carriers, charge carrier transport, optical properties, recombination, Fermi distribution, donors, acceptors, mobility, lifetime, drift and diffusion, and resistivity in semiconductor material.
  3. Understand the concepts of heterostructures, nanostructures and graphene in semiconductor devices;
  4. Understands and is able to explain the operational principle of semiconductor pn-diode;
  5. Understand the principle of Light-to-Electricity conversion and can explain the operational principles of photoconductors, photodiodes and solar cells;
  6. Understand the principle of Electricity-to- Light conversion and can explain the operational principles of scintillators, LEDs and Lasers;
  7. Understand the principle of transistors and can explain the operational principles of bipolar transistor and MOSFET;
  8. Understand the principles of semiconductor processing;
Completion methods 

Weekly exercises based on lectures. Participation in laboratory work and laboratory report. Final examination.


Materials Physics I (53058)

Recommended optional studies 

PAP339 Semiconductor Radiation Detectors


1. Physics behind the operation of semiconductor devices,

2. Operational principles of various semiconductor devices.

Study materials and literature 

1. Book: TBD,

2. Lectures,

3. Exercises.

Activities and teaching methods in support of learning 

Lectures, homework, exercise sessions, work in Helsinki Detector Laboratory, writing laboratory report, presentation by students, excursion.

Assessment practices and criteria 


1. Examination 70 %

2. Exercises 30 %


Minimum 1/3 available homework exercise points;

Participation in two laboratory sessions with accepted laboratory report;








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