Target group 
Masterâ€™s Programme in Particle Physics and Astrophysical Sciences is responsible for the course.
Module where the course belongs to:
 PAP300 Advanced Studies in Particle Physics and Astrophysical Sciences
Optional for:
 Study Track in Astrophysical Sciences
The course is available to students from other degree programmes. 
Timing 
The course will be offered in the spring term, in III and IV periods. 
Learning outcomes 
 You will obtain indepth understanding of several space plasma physical phenomena giving a good background for research work in space physics or other related fields
 You will obtain skills to solve analytically many theoretically demanding problems, for examples solving of the dispersion equation and Landau damping from the Vlasov theory, charged particle drift speeds in time and spatially varying electromagnetic fields and in current sheets, conditions and growth rates of several plasma instabilities, and solving shocks/instabilities from RankineHugoniot equations
 You will obtain deep conceptual understanding and knowledge of theory behind several key space plasma physical phenomena, such magnetic reconnection, forcefree fields, flux ropes, magnetic helicity, shock acceleration of charged particles, solar dynamo, scattering and transport.

Completion methods 
Contact teaching, but can be also taken as a distance learning course 
Prerequisites 
 Good knowledge of electrodynamics (e.g., Â Electrodynamics I and II), thermodynamics/statistical physics and readiness to use standard mathematical methods of physics (e.g., Mathematical Methods of Physics III)
 Plasma Physics, or knowledge of similar level on plasma phyiscs

Recommended optional studies 
 Solar Physics
 Numerical Space Physics

Contents 
These lectures are intended to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in space physics, plasma physics, applications of electrodynamics, statistical physics, hydrodynamics, etc. The course starts with plasma fundamentals, reviewing the basic concepts and looks more in depth to plasma distribution functions. The other topics include
 A detailed description of charged particle motion in electromagnetic fields, including time and spatially varying fields, including adiabatic invariants, motion in current sheets, and galactic cosmic rays will be covered.
 The wave propagation in dielectric media, the main focus being on propagation through the layered ionosphere, but cold plasma wave theory will be briefly revised.
 A detailed coverage of the Vlasov theory and Landau damping
 A brief revision of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) theory, the main focus will be put on subjects like forcefree fields, flux ropes in space plasmas and magnetic helicity.
 Plasma Instabilities (micro and macroinstabilities)
 Theory of collisionless shocks waves, dissipation of shocks, shock acceleration and solar energetic particles
 Magnetic reconnection (both theory and observations in space plasmas)
 Basics of solar dynamo
 Radiation and scattering (e.g., Bremsstrahlung, cyclotron and synchrotron)
 Transport (FokkerPlanck theory)

Study materials and literature 
Other recommended material
 Koskinen, H. E. J., Physics of Space Storms, Springer/PRAXIS, 2011
 Baumjohann, W., Treumann, R., Basic Space Plasma Physics, Imperial College Press, 1996.
 Kivelson, M. G., and Russell (eds.), C. T., Introduction to Space Physics, Cambridge University Press, 1995.
 Russell, C.T., Luhmann, J.G., Strangeway, R.J., Space Physics: An Introduction, Cambridge University Press
 Treumann, R., and Baumjohann, W. Advanced Space Plasma Physics, Imperial College Press, 1997.

Activities and teaching methods in support of learning 
 lectures
 Weekly exercises. Weekly exercises include also reading of scientific articles related to the course themes (+ answering questions/making summaries based on them)
 Possible seminar

Assessment practices and criteria 
Final grade is based on exercises (40%) and final exam (60%). 
